Prishtina

Prishtina is the largest city in Kosovo, and its capital. It has around 572 square kilometers, with its 48 surrounding villages. It holds 400 thousand inhabitants within the city, while with the villages it holds around 470 thousand. After the flux, of the last ten years, it is estimated to hold between 500,000 and 600,000 inhabitants. Most of them being ethnic Albanian, however there are other minorities such as Turks, Bosnians, Roma, etc.

The surrounding territory of Prishtina has been inhabited since the antique age; Neolithic ruins in Matiqan, Graqanica and Ulpiana date back to VIII B.C. During the Roman Empire, city of Ulpiana was one of the most important areas in the Balkans.

The first written artifact about Prishtina, goes back to year 1342 by the Byzantium Emperor, Johan Kantakuzen, who describes Prishtina as a village. After that year, there must have been the Catholic Church of Saint Mary, since in documents of that time there are names of Albanian priests like Don Lasio. Since during antique age there was the city of Ulpiana (Ulkiana), while during early middle age it was known as Artana, as city of miners, one can come to conclusion that until the period of Ottoman Empire, has not had a significant role. During XIV and XV centuries when Prishtina, Kosovo’s capital today, starts its development period; the capital also starts to become as a significant trading center. The old city was situated between the rivers Vellusha and Prishtevka, whereas none of them can be seen today, since both rivers have been covered.

Get in

Prishtina can be reached via different routes, since as a capital city it has good links with the world and other cities in Kosovo. International Airport of Prishtina is located 30 km away from the city, making it possible to tie with different cities of the world. From the airport, probably the best way from the airport is taxi service, costing 15 euro. The traffic may be, occasionally, jammed due to constant reconstruction of roads and bridges. For full itinerary of flights, please visit: http://www.airportpristina.com/

The International Airport of Prishtina is located 18 km South of Prishtina and 3 km South of village Sllatina; however it is not more than 80 km away from any other city in Kosovo.

For a lower cost ties with Prishtina, one may definitely try by bus. There is no transportation linking downtown Prishtina with the Bus Station, however the distance can be easily walked in about 2 minutes. One may also use taxi services, located outside at the Bus Station. For more information on different destinations, please call these numbers: 038 550 011 and 038 540 142.

One may also travel to Prishtina by rail from Skopje, twice a day. Then from Prishtina to other cities connected to railroad. The main train station is in Fushe Kosove, 7 km West of Prishtina. The train station in Prishtina is located 1 km away from downtown Prishtina.

For destination information, please visit the webpage: http://www.kosovorailway.com

See

Even though it doesn’t seem to offer much, at first sight, it still has a lot to offer; from the different building that unfold its history, cultural activities, night life, and many other attractions, but above all is the love that its citizens have for their city. The city has inspired many generations that have given it a rich cultural life.

For a promenade through historical compounds and monuments, one should start at the Mother Theresa Square, recently constructed, even though it has served as a walking boulevard, long time ago.

Through the walk in the square, at the first street on the right, there are the old city pubs known as the Rakia (Balkans strong alcoholic drink) places. These are pleasant pubs, serving homemade Rakia with different appetizers, mostly grilled meat and different salads followed by old traditional Albanian music. At café Tirona, you may also experience the breezy terrace and a collection of city’s old images, so little preserved nowadays. For a clearer image of the city, please visit: http://www.prishtina-komuna.org/?cid=1,69,197.

Along the square, after passing the Ministry of Culture – in the walls of which you may see portraits of Kosovar artist – is the Mother Theresa statue and statue of Skenderbeu – our hero, known worldwide – a copy of the original statue in Kruja, Albania. A similar statue is also found in Skopje and Tirana. Opposite to the statue are the debris of the old Hotel Union, an Austro-Hungarian architecture compound, which has served as the referring point for the city. Just beside, is the National Theatre, where one may see the schedule for incoming plays. The same road leads you to the Government Building, and the National Assembly building. Following is the Prishtina Municipal Assembly building, on the way to the old part of the city. On the left side, you may see an old monument dating from Communist Yugoslavia, symbolizing Unity and Brotherhood. Walking towards the old part, you may see small shops with wooden roofs, silver and goldsmiths, offering mainly fabricated silver and gold, but one may also find hand-crafted jewels. On the right side, is Carshi Mosque or the market Mosque which was built in the 15th century by Sultan Bajazid. In the yard of the mosque, is the fountain which separates the mosque from the National Museum, which had served as the administrative building for the Vilayet of Kosovo, during the Ottoman Empire. For a period of time it has also served as the headquarters of Yugoslav Army. Currently it serves as Museum, worth visiting for the significance of historical remains exposed there. “Mbretëresha në Fron” (the Sitting Goddess) is among the relics that were stolen during the war. In the vicinity is the Jashar Pasha Mosque, dating back to 1834. If you continue forward on, you may see Kullën e Sahatit (Clock Tower), which is right next to the city’s tyrbe (tombs of the dervish muslim sect). Opposite to it is the Grand Mosque, and the most beautiful mosque in city. With beautiful paintings in the front wall and a cute yard in front.

This mosque was built by Sultan Mehmet II, aroung 1460 – 1461, some eight years before conquering Constantinople. Once upon a time, it had the title of having the biggest cupola in the region.

If you continue through the causeway, along the market to the left and the road to the right; there are many compounds of high cultural significance. Ethnologic Museum of Kosova, old traditional houses compound called Emin Gjiku, which gives the exact impression of how the old Prishtina looked like. The Museum works from 10 am till 6 pm, Tuesdays to Saturdays, entrance costing 2 euro.

Other worth visiting places, are the Sports Palace (used to be called Boro and Ramizi), a compound of different shops and sport halls. Just behind the Sports Palace is the city stadium and ODA Theatre.

Location: Prishtina, in Region: Prishtina

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Reviews (1)

  • Dina(para 1 viteve)

    , But this bumpy commute back and forth is more than a car rideits like monivg between different worlds different languages, different currencies, different politics, and an entirely different set of rules to the game. Her comment suggests that Serbian Kosovars and Albanian Kosovars are so different in culture and outlook that the idea that they will ever consider themselves to be kinsmen of the same country is preposterous.Yet in the post Ms Leutmer wrote immediately before this one, she says, Neither partitioning of the region, nor the full integration of Northern Mitrovica into Kosovos sovereign territory are particularly appealing options Integration and partition have both been on the table in Kosovo since the end of the conflict. While Belgrade does not officially recognize the independence of any part of Kosovo, the possibility of partition has been unofficially floated as an acceptable outcome on their side. This could be unwise, the opening of a Pandoras Box of sorts, which would lead to another round of violent state reorganization around ethnicity in the region. Republika Srpska in Bosnia, the Albanian-dominated Presevo Valley in Serbia, and multi-ethnic Macedonia are all likely areas of conflict. One is tempted to say, welcome to the Balkans, but that response is too banal. Unless the goal is to let the problems in that part of the world fester forever, there are really only two solutions annex the Serbian majority provinces in the North to Serbia or remove NATO troops and European police forces and let the sides fight it out with the spoils (Kosovo) going to the victor.As unpalatable as the idea of letting the Serbs and Albanians fight it out may sound, thats the way disputes like this one were handled for centuries. Is it really so clear that allowing a status quo that is reviled by both sides to the dispute to persevere indefinitely is really such a better optionOf course, there is one other possibility. The 22 EU member states that have recognized Kosovos independence could offer sanctuary to the 1.5 million Albanian Kosovars. Even if one hundred percent of the Albanian population of Kosovo accepted the offer, it would come to less than 70,000 Albanian immigrants to each of the participating EU countries. Perhaps the intrepid bloggers who are producing this fascinating website would like to speculate what percentage of the Albanian Kosovar population would take up such an offer in the unlikely event that it would ever be presented. My guess is that a very high percentage of Albanian Kosovars, especially the young, would rush for the exits. natively, the EU member states who have recognized Kosovo could make the same offer to the Kosovar Serbs. Were they to do so, and if all of Kosovos Serbs accepted the offer, it would come to less than 6,000 Kosovar Serb immigrants to the EU nations extending the offer (assuming they were evenly divided).At least if the Europeans were to make such a proposal, it would be possible to take their assertion that they have humanitarian concerns seriously.Otherwise, perhaps the EU can explain how Serbian and Albanian Kosovars are supposed to share the same country when Flemish, French and German speakers in the nation that houses the capital city of a United Europe cant even share the same country.With Belgium on the verge of breaking up, how can anyone with a shred of intelligence or decency expect Albanian and Serbian Kosovars to share the same nation

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